CADPAT combat camouflage replacement options under consideration
Article / May 7, 2019 / Project number: 19-0038
By Steven Fouchard, Army Public Affairs
Ottawa, Ontario — A possible replacement for the distinctive Canadian Disruptive Pattern (CADPAT) uniforms is among the options that the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) is investigating in its ongoing commitment to providing its fighting force with the highest quality operational clothing and equipment.
At the same time, the Canadian Army (CA) is also looking at ways to incorporate advanced materials and increase performance in areas such as durability, comfort, and increased protection from detection by night vision systems such as those using infra-red.
Soldier Operational Clothing and Equipment Modernization project
The selection process, known officially as The Soldier Operational Clothing and Equipment Modernization Project (SOCEM), is now only in its earliest days, and involves a group of current and retired CAF members who well understand the importance of high-quality kit that fits well.
As the project unfolds, sufficient quantities of existing clothing and equipment will continue to be issued. It is expected to enter the implementation phase in 2022 and, until then, mixed fleets of uniforms will be permitted as new items are gradually acquired.
Social media too quick off the mark
An image of a new style of uniform recently appeared on the social network Reddit, kicking off speculation that it was the final choice. However, trials of replacement options are underway and will continue this summer at 4th Canadian Division Support Group in Petawawa, Ontario.
CADPAT was initially issued in 1997 in three variations:
- Temperate Woodland (TW), created for forest and grassland environments, is comprised of four specific colours of light green, dark green, brown and black.
- Arid Regions (AR), created for desert, near desert and savannah conditions, incorporates three different colours of brown.
- Winter Operations (WO), created for winter and Arctic use, replaced previous solid winter whites to improve soldiers’ day and night concealment with technology that reduces detection by night vision devices.
This set of sophisticated, computer-generated patterns is a trademark held by the Department of National Defence and enhances concealment from night vision devices.
Possibility of two patterns being replaced by one
One objective of SOCEM is to consider replacing the TW and AR patterns with a new, more comfortable single option made of more advanced materials that better reflects current operational environments. Officials expect that the adoption of a single pattern to replace two will simplify supply and delivery.
CADPAT is most closely associated with the CA but Navy and Air Force personnel posted within CA lines are authorized to wear it. Canadian Special Operations Forces Command personnel wear another camouflage pattern, known as MultiCam, and are not effected by SOCEM.
New sizing being reviewed
SOCEM will additionally consider a new sizing system based on updated data collection in order to better reflect the current diversity of body types of those serving in the CAF.
The final cost of replacement will depend on the results of the various trials still to come but CAF generally spends from $15 million to $25 million annually on uniforms.
Discussions began in February 2019
SOCEM discussions kicked off in February, 2019 with a day-long meeting including CAF procurement specialists and defence scientists from Defence Research and Development Canada. The latter were asked to provide insight into the most recent technological advancements.
“We had mannequins in the room so we could hold up pieces of kit, ask whose project is impacted by this, and get a discussion leading to answers right away,” said Lieutenant-Colonel Ray Corby with Director Land Requirements’ Soldiers Systems section, which is leading the SOCEM effort. “By the end, we had a pretty clear road map to where we want to go.”
New options will cover more than just clothing
As it develops, SOCEM may also grow to encompass a wider range of equipment, including personal protective items, outerwear and associated identification tags, and Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear carriers and clothing.
LCol Corby explained that the CA is taking a holistic approach with the project to ensure any new pieces of equipment added function effectively in combination.
“The potential change of camouflage pattern is just one part of integrating soldiers’ equipment,” he explained. “If we change the pattern, most of our equipment – tactical vests, our small packs, our rucksacks, our helmet covers – are all in our current pattern. So do we change all of our equipment and does our new equipment reflect this pattern?”
“Ideally, I would like to provide new equipment to soldiers and their commanders that offers them the ability to decide what is the right scale to wear at that particular time, based on the situation they have assessed,” he added.
Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel Albert El Tassi proudly wears the uniform and helps make it, too
4th Canadian Division Support Group
Photo 1 - IS2005-2024 Lieutenant Cindy Lagarie takes a break after firing her C7 rifle at the 25-metre range at Camp Julien in Kabul, Afghanistan in April 2005. A new procurement project underway since February 2019 may see the Canadian Armed Forces’ Arid Regions camouflage pattern, which is pictured, and Temperate Woodland pattern replaced by a single pattern. Photo: Sergeant Frank Hudec, Canadian Forces Combat Camera. ©2005 DND/MDN Canada.
Photo 2- IS2006-2355a Reservists from the Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa march past the Cartier Square Drill Hall during a ceremonial Freedom of the City parade in downtown Ottawa wearing the Temperate Woodland version of Canadian Disruptive Pattern (CADPAT). A project underway since February 2019 may result in a replacement for CADPAT. Photo: Sgt Frank Hudec, Army News Ottawa. ©2006 DND/MDN Canada.
Photo 3 - LF2008-0312d Various military textiles and personal equipment on display at a trade show. A procurement project launched in February 2019 is considering replacements for the Arid Region and Temperate Woodland versions of the Canadian Armed Forces’ Canadian Disruptive Pattern (CADPAT) uniform, which have been in service for over 20 years. Photo: Sergeant Robert Comeau, Army News. ©2008 DND/MDN Canada.
Photo 4 - 11A_0080_JPG Soldiers from 2nd Battalion, The Royal Newfoundland Regiment’s Arctic Response Company Group conduct a winter patrol during Exercise SIBERIAN HUSKY 2019. This version of the Canadian Disruptive Pattern camouflage is not being revised, unlike the Arid Regions and Temperate Woodland versions. Photo: Captain Ian McIntyre, 37 Canadian Brigade Group Public Affairs. ©2019 DND/MDN Canada.
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