Army Officers’ Mess unveils portrait of first woman Colonel, promoted in 1944

Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie C.B.E., R.R.C., L.L.D.

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By Diane Riddell, Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis

Ottawa, Ontario — When Major Edie Knight walked into the National Capital Region (NCR) Army Officers’ Mess (AOM) in Ottawa in mid-2015, she noticed one thing:  of all the portraits in the mess, none were of women who had served Canada in the Canadian Armed Forces. The only portraits of women were the ones of Queen Elizabeth and Princess Patricia.

So Maj Knight set about to ask why, and to see if she could change that. As it turns out, the question seemed to be waiting to be asked and the positive response she immediately received paved the way for the unveiling of a portrait of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie (pronounced Smayly).

The portrait was unveiled by Nursing Sister Betty Brown, now 99 years old, who served in the Second World War. In attendance were present and former Canadian Armed Forces military nursing officers, family members and colleagues. Also included at the event was a talk on the history of the Canadian Army nursing services and a historical display of uniforms, badges and medals from both World Wars.

“My e-mail of inquiry was immediately addressed by a phone call from the Mess Manager.” said Major Knight, a Personnel Selection Officer at Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis in Ottawa.  “Soon after, I was invited by Lieutenant-Colonel Fraser Auld, President of the Mess Committee at the time, to participate in some research on the matter at the Canadian War Museum.”

In fact, the NCR AOM’s Major Bryan Mialkowsky reached out to build a relationship with Maj Knight, involving her in meeting others at the Mess responsible for curating its collection and helping educate Maj Knight in the traditions and processes for selecting an appropriate portrait to be part of the collection. With their help, Maj Knight searched the Canadian War Museum web site, and that’s how Col Smellie was identified as a possible subject.

Col Smellie was a distinguished Nursing Sister in the First World War who was awarded the Royal Red Cross decoration First Class by King George V and was mentioned in dispatches for exceptional services in military nursing. Later, in 1934, she was made a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire for her leadership in a major study on infant and maternal welfare in 12 countries and contributing to international nursing and public health organizations.

Col Smellie was the Matron-in-Chief in the Canadian Medical Army Corps during the Second World War and she oversaw the creation of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps. She was also the first Canadian woman to be promoted to the rank of Colonel.

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Related Links

First Canadian woman army colonel oversaw creation of CWAC
The Nursing Sisters of Canada

Image gallery

  • Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie C.B.E., R.R.C., L.L.D.

  • Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie C.B.E., R.R.C., L.L.D. Photo: Beaverbrook Collection of War Art Canadian War Museum.
    Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie C.B.E., R.R.C., L.L.D. Photo: Beaverbrook Collection of War Art Canadian War Museum.
  • Second World War Nursing Sister Betty Brown, now 99 years of age, reacts with delight as she unveils the portrait of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017 with Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard (right).

  • Second World War Nursing Sister Betty Brown, now 99 years of age, reacts with delight as she unveils the portrait of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017 with Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard (right). Major Edie Knight, who was instrumental in having the portrait installed, applauds at left beside Major Yvonne Brierley. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
    Second World War Nursing Sister Betty Brown, now 99 years of age, reacts with delight as she unveils the portrait of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017 with Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard (right). Major Edie Knight, who was instrumental in having the portrait installed, applauds at left beside Major Yvonne Brierley. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
  • Current and former Canadian Armed Forces military nursing officers with 99-year-old Second World War Nursing Sister Betty Brown in front of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie's newly-installed portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017.

  • Current and former Canadian Armed Forces military nursing officers with 99-year-old Second World War Nursing Sister Betty Brown in front of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie's newly-installed portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017. Front row sitting, left to right: Major (now Lieutenant-Colonel) Daniel Dupuis, Colonel Gisele Fontaine, Nursing Sister Betty Brown with Vimy 100 bear, Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard, Major Trisha MacLeod. Second row standing, left to right: Captain Kirsten MacFadyen, Captain Daniel Boislard, Captain Karoline Martin, Major Edith Arbour, Major Julie Levesque, Ms. P. Gail Harrod, Major Yvonne Brierley, Major Tony Singh, Captain Stephanie Chan with her baby, Sub-Lieutenant Leslie Southen and Lieutenant Breanne Locking. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
    Current and former Canadian Armed Forces military nursing officers with 99-year-old Second World War Nursing Sister Betty Brown in front of Colonel Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie's newly-installed portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017. Front row sitting, left to right: Major (now Lieutenant-Colonel) Daniel Dupuis, Colonel Gisele Fontaine, Nursing Sister Betty Brown with Vimy 100 bear, Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard, Major Trisha MacLeod. Second row standing, left to right: Captain Kirsten MacFadyen, Captain Daniel Boislard, Captain Karoline Martin, Major Edith Arbour, Major Julie Levesque, Ms. P. Gail Harrod, Major Yvonne Brierley, Major Tony Singh, Captain Stephanie Chan with her baby, Sub-Lieutenant Leslie Southen and Lieutenant Breanne Locking. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
  • The Canada 150 banner featuring The Women’s Army Corps and Colonel Elizabeth Smellie.

  • The Canada 150 banner featuring The Women’s Army Corps and Colonel Elizabeth Smellie, first woman Canadian Army Colonel with a Second World War nursing uniform provided by Major Bryan Mialkowsky at the unveiling of Col Smellie’s portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
    The Canada 150 banner featuring The Women’s Army Corps and Colonel Elizabeth Smellie, first woman Canadian Army Colonel with a Second World War nursing uniform provided by Major Bryan Mialkowsky at the unveiling of Col Smellie’s portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
  • From Left to Right – Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard, Nursing Sister Betty Brown (99 years old), Ms. Allision Reid (Ms. Brown's daughter), Major Yvonne Brierley, Ms. P. Gail Harrod (retired military nurse and Executive Member of the Nursing Sister Association of Canada (Ottawa Unit) at the unveiling of Col Smellie’s portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017.

  • From Left to Right – Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard, Nursing Sister Betty Brown (99 years old), Ms. Allision Reid (Ms. Brown's daughter), Major Yvonne Brierley, Ms. P. Gail Harrod (retired military nurse and Executive Member of the Nursing Sister Association of Canada (Ottawa Unit) at the unveiling of Col Smellie’s portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.
    From Left to Right – Lieutenant-Colonel Carolyn Blanchard, Nursing Sister Betty Brown (99 years old), Ms. Allision Reid (Ms. Brown's daughter), Major Yvonne Brierley, Ms. P. Gail Harrod (retired military nurse and Executive Member of the Nursing Sister Association of Canada (Ottawa Unit) at the unveiling of Col Smellie’s portrait at the Army Officers’ Mess in Ottawa on May 25, 2017. Photo: Major Bryan Mialkowsky, Directorate of Land Infrastructure. ©2017 DND-MDN Canada.

Article / July 13, 2017 / Project number: 17-0182

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